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HSE Report Raises Concerns Over 3D Printer Safety

28 Feb 2019

Kora 3D, one of the UK’s leading manufacturer of FFF/FDM style desktop 3D printers, has developed a unique universal safety cabinet to protect 3D printer users, following the release of Health and Safety Executive (HSE) report, which found that the printers can create harmful emissions which can potentially endanger users.

Kora SC-01

The report, entitled “Measuring and Controlling Emissions from Desktop 3D Printers”, found that 3D printers emitted many particles of a size range that could potentially enter the airway and lungs.

The report also found that emissions from FFF 3D printers are likely to be released into the general environment due to the fact that many desktop printers have no form of control of particle capture.

The research also found that some of the plastic filament materials used in the 3D printers were found to release vapours known to be hazardous to health when heated.

During testing, the HSE found that placing the desktop 3D printer inside an enclosing hood with filtered ventilation reduced particle emission rates by 97 per cent.

As a result, the Consortium of Local Education Authorities for the Provision of Science Services has already issued its own urgent guidelines to try and protect staff ad pupils using desktop 3D printers in schools, and it is anticipated other sectors will follow suit.

Businesses using 3D printers without adhering to new guidance could find themselves in contravention of Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998, Control of Substances Hazardous to Health guidelines, and the HSE’s Management of Health and Safety at Work code of practice.

In line with the recommendations from the HSE, Kora 3D’s team of engineers have developed the universal and economical Kora SC-01 Safety Cabinet, designed to fit most standard sized FFF/FDM style desktop 3D printers.

It uses a specialist filter cartridge at the top of the cabinet to draw clean air from the area in which it is situated and to remove potentially harmful emissions.

The SC-01 is, to date, the only FFF/FDM style 3D printer safety cabinet to have been officially tested by the HSE’s specialist Health and Safety Laboratory.


Steve Burrows, Managing Director of Kora 3D, said: “IT’s clear that FFF/FDM style 3D printing is a growing sector and one which offers fantastic benefits to business. However, our four-year study alongside the HSE has confirmed the importance of having a greater understanding of the equipment and the need to pay more attention to safety management.”

“It was a huge commitment and a risky commercial decision to cease sales of our FFF/FDM style 3D printers. However, we strongly believed that although FFF/FDM style 3D printing delivers huge benefits, not enough had been done until now to investigate the potential risk to users and bystanders.”

“At the heart of Kora 3D is a real passion for problem solving, so our talented team has worked closely with the HSE to develop a product which finally makes FFF/FDM style printing safe. As the only company currently with an HSE/HSL tested product, we believe we are now in a very strong commercial position to ambitiously grow our business.”

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